نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، واحدکرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 عضو هیئت علمی گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، واحدکرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22118/edc.2022.352060.2127

چکیده

هدف: هدف تحقیق حاضر، مدل یابی شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر هدایت تحصیلی دانش آموزان مبتنی بر سند تحول بنیادین آموزش و پرورش جمهوری اسلامی ایران بود.
روش کار: برای مطالعه از شیوه تحلیل عاملی تأییدی استفاده شد. جامعه آماری مشتمل بر کلیه دانش آموزان دوره اول متوسطه شهر کرمانشاه بود که بر اساس جدول مورگان تعداد 380 نفر از دانش آموزان دختر و پسر پایه نهم دوره متوسطه اول در شهرکرمانشاه در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399 به شیوه خوشه ای چند مرحله ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق شامل پرسشنامه محقق ساخته عوامل مؤثر بر هدایت تحصیلی دانش آموزان برای آینده بوده است. جهت بررسی شواهد روایی پرسشنامه، روایی سازه با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی شیوه اکتشافی صورت پذیرفت . به روش آلفای کرونباخ، ضریب اعتباری برابر 92/0 بدست آمد. تحلیل داده ها در دو سطح آمار توصیفی (فراوانی و درصد) و آمار استنباطی (آزمون های تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری استفاده به عمل آمد.
نتایج: یافته ها بیانگر شناسایی هفت عامل موثر بر هدایت تحصیلی بوده اند که عبارتند از: تامین نیروی کار آزموده، اقتصاد پویا، بازدهی و بهره وری، اشتغال پایدار، فراهم کردن زمینه اشتغال، خانواده پایدار و توزیع مناسب دانش آموزان.
نتیجه گیری: در مدل ارائه شده همبستگی مناسب و معناداری بین گویه ها با مولفه های اصلی مدل و نیز  بین مولفه های اصلی با یکدیگر مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling the effective factors on students' academic guidance based on the document of fundamental change in education of the Islamic Republic of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yahya Salari 1
  • Maryam Eslampanah 2
  • Sosan Laei 3
  • Faranak Mosavi 3

1 PhD student in educational management, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Faculty member of the Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 Laei: Faculty member of the Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Porpose: The purpose of this research was to find a model to identify the factors affecting the educational guidance of students based on the document of the fundamental transformation of education in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Method: The method of confirmatory factor analysis was used for the study. The statistical population consisted of all the students of the first year of secondary school in Kermanshah, based on Morgan's table, 380 male and female students of the ninth grade of the first year of high school in Kermanshah were selected in the academic year 2019-2019 using a multi-stage random cluster method. The research tool includes a researcher-made questionnaire of factors affecting the educational guidance of students for the future. In order to check the evidence of validity of the questionnaire, the validity of the construct was done using the factor analysis of the exploratory method. According to Cronbach's alpha method, the reliability coefficient was 0.92. Data analysis was done at two levels of descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (confirmatory factor analysis tests and structural equation modeling).
Findings: The findings indicated the identification of seven factors affecting academic guidance, which are: supply of experienced workforce, dynamic economy, efficiency and productivity, stable employment, providing employment, stable family and proper distribution of students.
Conclusion: In the presented model, a suitable and significant correlation was observed between the items and the main components of the model, as well as between the main components with each other.
 
Modeling the effective factors on students' academic guidance based on the document of fundamental change in education of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Purpose: Since the academic guidance of students is important, in the fundamental reform document, the implementation of the academic guidance program started from 2016-17 with the establishment of the 6-3-3 system, and in the fundamental reform of education document, the main lines of the academic guidance program were drawn. has been In this regard, the official public education system is obliged to accept individual differences, to discover and guide various innate talents and respond to the needs, interests and desires of students in line with the interests and framework of the Islamic standard system. In the meantime, the choice of the field of study has a very important role in drawing the career path and future of people and it definitely requires precise policies, because the successful passage of this stage leads to the successful passage of other stages of growth. The social psychology of the individual and finally the flourishing of the individual and his abilities, In the operational objective 21 of the fundamental change document about "revision and re-engineering of structures, procedures and methods", two solutions are related to academic guidance. Solution 21-3 states: "Designing and establishing a comprehensive academic guidance and talent search system in order to guide students to the fields and professions and skills needed in the present and future of the country according to their talents, interests and abilities". In the solution 21-4 of the transformation document, it is stated: "Establishment of educational guidance and counseling system based on Islamic principles and increasing teachers' dedication in this field and employing expert consultants to perform specialized tasks in all educational levels". Therefore, academic guidance is not specific to choosing a field at one point in time and includes all educational levels, the aim of the present research was to model the identification of factors affecting the educational guidance of students based on the document of the fundamental transformation of education in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Materials and methods: The present research method was a descriptive survey type. In this way, the factors affecting the academic guidance of students for the future were examined and studied. The statistical population includes all the students of the first year of secondary school in Kermanshah, according to Morgan's table, 380 male and female students of the ninth grade of the first year of high school in Kermanshah in the academic year of 2020-21 were selected using a multi-stage random cluster method. 170 of the students were female (45%) and 210 of the students (55%) were male. 85 students (23%) were in non-profit schools and 295 students (77%) were in public schools. The research tool includes a researcher-made questionnaire of factors affecting the educational guidance of students for the future. This questionnaire includes question 1-2 under the name of the factor of supply of experienced workforce, question 3-7 under the name of dynamic economy factor, question 8-15 under the name of stable family factor, question 16-46 under the name of the factor of greater efficiency and productivity, question 56- 47 with the name of sustainable employment factor, question 57-61 with the name of the factor of providing employment, question 66-62 with the name of the factor of appropriate distribution of students in the existing fields. In order to check the validity evidence of the questionnaire, construct validity was done using factor analysis with two exploratory and confirmatory methods. According to Cronbach's alpha method, the reliability coefficient was 0.92.
Findings: The findings indicated the identification of seven factors affecting academic guidance, which are: supply of experienced workforce, dynamic economy, efficiency and productivity, stable employment, providing employment, stable family and proper distribution of students.
Conclusion: In the presented model, a suitable and significant correlation was observed between the items and the main components of the model, as well as between the main components with each other. Examining the desirability indices showed that the model has an acceptable fit. Therefore, it is suggested that in order to improve the proper distribution of students in the existing fields, in addition to paying attention to the interests of the students, school counselors should also examine the other components mentioned in the model and control their effects on the choice of the students' fields of study. Also, one of the identified factors affecting students' academic choices is parents who, in most cases, without sufficient knowledge and information, and sometimes by pressuring the student to choose a major, change the course and affect the correct process of academic counseling. Based on the results of this research, it is suggested that the academic guidance of students should be based on factors such as providing employment opportunities for students, creating a dynamic family, creating a dynamic economy, creating more efficiency and productivity, and considering creating sustainable employment for students. Accept it is also suggested that the school counselors hold meetings with the students' parents to provide the parents with the necessary information about the students' interests, as well as the information related to the changes in the labor market and its relationship with the student's chosen field. It is recommended for future researchers to investigate the effect of the role of counselors and parents and compare it with the effect of information obtained from cyberspace in the academic guidance of students, as well as the effect of the distribution of students in their fields of interest on their performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic guidance
  • fields of study
  • students
  • Fundamental Transformation Document
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