نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

10.22118/edc.2021.309645.1902

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش طراحی و تدوین چارچوب خود-یادگیری دانشجویان دانشگاه بود. پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش آمیخته از نوع اکتشافی متوالی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل سه بخش: الف- استادان علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه های استان های تهران و گیلان به تعداد 120 نفر که بصورت نمونه‌گیری موارد معرف در دو مرحله انتخاب شدند، ب- دانشجویان دانشگاه های دولتی و آزاد استان های تهران، گیلان و البرز نمونه 450 نفری که با استفاده از جی پاور انتخاب شدند، ج- متخصصان و خبرگان موضوعی به تعداد 31 نفر که جهت سنجش درجه تناسب چارچوب خودیادگیری در پژوهش مشارکت نمودند. ابزار پژوهش سه پرسشنامه محقق ساخته خودیادگیری بر اساس پیشینه و ادبیات پژوهش،پرسشنامه استاندارد خودیادگیری دانشجویان وپرسشنامه درجه تناسب چارچوب خود یادگیری دانشجویان بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از آمار توصیفی (فراوانی، درصد و میانگین) و آمار استنباطی آزمون کولموگراف- اسمیرنوف، آزمون کامو، آزمون بارتلت تست و تحلیل عامل اکتشافی، تی تک نمونه ای، تحلیل معادلات ساختاری، تحلیل مسیر و آزمون برازش چارچوب استفاده شد. یافته ها حاکی از آن بود که ابعاد ومولفه های خودیادگیری دانشجویان شامل شش مولفه خود رهبری در یادگیری، مهارتهای خود تنظیمی، تقکر انتقادی، آموزش بزرگسالان، محیط یادگیری و سبک های یادگیری است. همچنین پرسشنامه استاندارد خودیادگیری دانشجویان نیز با ۵ مولفه و۶۷ سوال پس از سه بار اجرای میدانی تدوین گردید. چارچوب استخراجی خودیادگیری دانشجویان شامل فلسفه، اهداف ابعاد و مولفه های خودیادگیری، اجرا و ارزشیابی چارچوب است که از نظر متخصصان مطلوب ارزشیابی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Design and Formulate a Conceptual Framework for Students' Self-learning in the University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tahereh Moradi 1
  • Zahra Lebadi 2
  • Fatemeh Parasteh 2
  • Mozhgan Abdolahi 2

1 PhD Student in Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

2 Faculty member of the Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to design and develop a self-learning framework for university students. The research was applied in terms of purpose and sequentially exploratory in terms of mixed method. The statistical population of the study includes three sections: a- 120 professors of educational sciences and psychology of Tehran and Gilan universities who were selected by sampling in two stages, b- Students of public and free universities of Tehran, Gilan and Alborz provinces, sample 450 The person selected using G-Power, c- 31 subject matter experts and experts who participated in the study to assess the appropriateness of the self-learning framework. The research tools were three researcher-made self-learning questionnaires based on research background and literature, the standard student self-learning questionnaire and the degree of appropriateness of students' self-learning framework. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and mean) and inferential statistics of Kolmograph-Smirnov test, Camus test, Bartlett test and exploratory factor analysis, one-sample t-test, structural equation analysis, path analysis and framework fit test are used to analyze the data. The findings indicated that the dimensions and components of students' self-learning include six components of self-leadership in learning, self-regulatory skills, critical thinking, adult education, learning environment and learning styles. Also, the standard questionnaire of students' self-learning with 5 components and 67 questions was developed after three field performances. The extractive framework of students' self-learning includes the philosophy, goals, dimensions and components of self-learning, implementation and evaluation of the framework, which was evaluated as desirable by experts.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • heutagogy
  • Self- leadership
  • self-regulation
  • critical thinking
  • Adult Education
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