نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه بهداشت عمومی، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان، گرگان، ایران.

3 مرکز تحقیقات مدیریت سلامت و توسعه اجتماعی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان، گرگان، ایران.

10.22118/edc.2021.309688.1903

چکیده

کارآموزی در عرصه از دروسی است که دانشجویان باید در محیط واقعی کار به صورت عملی آموزش ببینند. دوره‌های کارآموزی در شکل‌دهی مهارت‌های اساسی و توانمندی‌های حرفه‌ای دانشجویان نقش اساسی دارند. هدف از انجام مطالعه حاضر تبیین راهکارهای اجرایی جهت بهبود برنامه آموزشی کارآموزی در عرصه رشته بهداشت عمومی در دانشکده بهداشت دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان بود. این مطالعه کیفی توصیفی در سال 1398 در استان گلستان انجام شد. شرکت کنندگان در مطالعه ۳۱ نفر از فارغ التحصیلان مقطع کارشناسی رشته بهداشت عمومی که دوره کارآموزی خود را در دانشکده بهداشت گذرانده‌اند، دانشجویان کارشناسی رشته بهداشت عمومی که حداقل یک نیمسال از کارآموزی را سپری کرده‌اند و مربیان و اعضای هیئت علمی گروه بهداشت عمومی بودند که به صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها به وسیله مصاحبه‌های گروهی و فردی جمع‌آوری شد و به روش تحلیل محتوا در نرم افزار Atlas.ti 8 تحلیل گردید. راهکارهای بهبود وضعیت کارآموزی در عرصه رشته بهداشت عمومی در 5 طبقه اصلی (ارتقای نظام آموزشی، برنامه‌ریزی و آمادگی قبل از کارآموزی، مدیریت کارآموزی، بهبود وضعیت عرصه کارآموزی و پایش و ارزشیابی دانشجویان) و ۲۴ طبقه فرعی تبیین شد. انتخاب راهکارهای مناسب جهت بهبود وضعیت موجود در قالب برنامه عملیاتی، می‌تواند منجر به ارتقای کمی و کیفی کارآموزی در عرصه رشته بهداشت عمومی در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی استان گلستان گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explain the Executive Tactics of Internship of Public Health in Golestan University of medical sciences; A Qualitative Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Heidari 1
  • Javad Khademi 2
  • , Zahra Khatirnamani 3
  • Narges Rafiei 3

1 member faculty of Golestan Medical University

2 Faculty member, Department of public health, school of health, Golestan University of medical sciences, gorgan, Iran.

3 Department of public health, school of health, Golestan University of medical sciences, gorgan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

An Internship in the field is one of the courses that students should be trained in a real work environment. Internship course plays a key role in shaping students' core skills and professional competencies. The purpose of this study was to determine the executive strategies of internship training program in the field of public health in the School of Health of Golestan University of Medical Sciences. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted in 2019-2020 in Golestan province. Participants in the study were 31 undergraduate public health graduates who completed their internship at the School of Public Health, undergraduate public health students who had completed at least one semester of internship, instructors, and faculty members of the Department of Public Health. They were purposefully selected. Data were collected by group and individual interviews and Analyzed by content analysis method in Atlas.ti 8 software. The executive strategies to improve the internship situation in the field of public health were explained in 5 main topics (Upgrading the educational system, planning and preparation before internship, internship management, improving the situation in the internship area and monitoring and evaluating students) and 24 sub-topics. The selection of appropriate strategies to improve the current situation in the framework of the operational plan, can lead to quantitative and qualitative improvementof internship in public health at Golestan University of Medical Sciences.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • qualitative research
  • internship
  • Public Health Education
  • Public Health School
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