نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت دولتی، واحد همدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، همدان، ایران

2 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه مدیریت، واحد همدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، همدان، ایران.

3 عضو هیئت علمی ، گروه مدیریت، واحد همدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، همدان، ایران

4 عضو هیئت علمی، گروه علم، اطلاعات و دانش شناسی، واحد همدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، همدان، ایران

10.22118/edc.2021.301884.1869

چکیده

هدف اصلی تحقیق حاضر ارئه الگوی مناسب حکمرانی مشارکتی در وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی کشور در مدیریت بحران شیوع بیماری های نوظهور است. این تحقیق یک تحقیق ترکیبی(کیفی –کمی) می باشد. جامعه آماری در بخش کیفی شامل خبرگان که متشکل از اساتید دانشگاهی و مدیران و کارشناسان وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی کشور می باشند. با توجه به روش نمونه گیری گلوله برفی تعداد 14 نفر در بخش کیفی تحقیق به عنوان نمونه حضور داشتند. در بخش کمّی نیز 140 نفر از مدیران و کارشناسان وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی کشور حضور داشته اند. ابزار گردآوری داده های تحقیق در بخش کیفی مصاحبه های نیمه ساختار یافته و در بخش کمّی نیز پرسشنامه محقق ساخته است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها در بخش کیفی از تکنیک دلفی و در بخش کمّی نیز از تکنیک معادلات ساختاری استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان داد در مجموع 60 شاخص در قالب 10 عامل به عنوان عوامل تأثیرگذار بر حکمرانی مشارکتی در وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی کشور در مدیریت بحران شیوع بیماری های نوظهور شناسایی شدند. این 10 عامل عبارتند از؛ تعامل راهبردی، اعتماد سازی، مهارت ها، قوانین و آئین نامه ها، پایداری چرخه مشارکت، پاسخگویی، بازیگران ائتلاف، دوراندیشی راهبردی، مدیریت مشارکت و تفکر راهبردی کارآفرینانه.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Suitable pattern of participatory governance in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in crisis management of emerging diseases

نویسندگان [English]

  • behdad azadi 1
  • kambiz hamidi 2
  • alireza Eslambolchi 3
  • javad nikknafas 3
  • behrooz bayat 4

1 PhD student, Department of Public Administration, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Faculty Member, Department of Management, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

3 Faculty member, Department of Management, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

4 Faculty member, Department of Science, Information and Knowledge, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this study is to provide an appropriate model of participatory governance in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in crisis management of emerging diseases. This research is a combined research (qualitative-quantitative). The statistical population in the qualitative section includes experts consisting of university professors and managers and experts of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. According to the snowball sampling method, 14 people were present in the qualitative part of the research as a sample. In a small section, 140 managers and experts of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education were present. The research data collection tool is a semi-structured interview in the qualitative part and a researcher-made questionnaire in the quantitative part. The Delphi technique has been used to analyze the data in the qualitative part and the structural equation technique has been used in the quantitative part. The results showed that a total of 60 indicators in the form of 10 factors were identified as factors affecting participatory governance in the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in crisis management of emerging diseases. These 10 factors are; Strategic interaction, trust building, skills, rules and regulations, participation cycle sustainability, accountability, coalition actors, strategic foresight, partnership management and entrepreneurial strategic thinking.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Governance
  • participatory governance
  • Emerging Disease Crisis
  • Ministry of health
Aghazadeh M R, Askari Ta, Shahi A, et al. 2015. Designing a process model for formulating the strategy of government organizations based on the paradigm of network governance, Quarterly Journal of Management of Government Organizations, Vol. 4, No. 1, Pp. 52-29. [In Persian].
Beiginia A R, Safari S, Morshedzad A, et al. 2012 Identifying and Prioritizing Good Governance Indicators, Public Management Perspectives Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 1, Pp. 86-65. [In Persian].
Bryson J M, Crosby B C, Stone M M. 2006. “The Design and Implementation of Cross-Sector Collaboration: Propositions from the Literature Abstract”. Public Adminstration Review. No 66 (December). pp. 44–55.
Chen U, Lee J. 2017. Collaborative data networks for public service: governance, management, and performance. Journal of Public Management Review, Vol. 20, No. 5, Pp. 1-19.
Emerson, Gerlak A K. 2014. “Adaptation in Collaborative Governance Regimes”. Environmental Management. Vol. 54, No. 4, Pp. 768–781.
Emerson K; Nabatchi T, Balogh S. 2011. “An integrative framework for collaborative governance”. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Vol. 22, No. 1, Pp. 1–29.
 Hayes A, Scott T. 2017. Multiplex Network Analysis for Complex Governance Systems Using Surveys and Online Behavior. Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2, Pp. 1-27.
 Imranian Khorasani H, Payesteh M, Kolahy M. 2018. Participatory-Comparative Governance in Natural Resources, 7th National Conference on Rangeland and Rangeland Management in Iran, Alborz Applied Scientific Education Center, Alborz, Iran. [In Persian].
Jacob D. 2016. How and why Participatory governance evolves. Journal of Electronic Markets, Vol. 26, No. 1, Pp. 43-54.
Kaufmann D K. 2010. The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues. World Bank.
Mokhber A, Mehrara V. 2003. Governance and the fight against corruption, Good Partnership Research Project, Tehran, Islamic Consultative Assembly Research Office Publications. [In Persian].
Naderi M M. 2011. Good ruling; Introduction and Overview, Quarterly Journal of Islam and Management Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, Pp. 95-63. [In Persian].
Nikobasti A. 2011. Governance and Development: Past, Present, and Future, Program and Budget Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 4, Pp. 154-129. [In Persian].
Omar M, Carles M. 2020. State-society nexus in Brazil and Venezuela and its effect on participatory governance efforts in health and other sectors., International Journal for Equity in Health, 223:110-125.
Roper Nedd R K. 2018. Good Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Rhetoric to Reality, (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Howard University.
Salimi J, Maknoon R. 2018. Qualitative meta-analysis of scientific research on the issue of governance in Iran, Public Management Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 1, Pp. 1-30. [In Persian].
Yi H. 2017. Participatory Structure and Governance Performance: What Makes a Difference? Journal of Public Administration Review, Vol. 78, No. 2, Pp. 1-11.